In Quest of a COVID-19 Vaccine A Race Against Time

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KK Aggarwal MBBS MD
Professor Nk Ganguly


Covid-19 or Coronavirus disease-2019, caused by the novel Coronavirus (SARS CoV-2), continues to be a major global public health crisis. There is no specific drug for its treatment and no immunity against the virus. Allowing herd immunity to develop naturally would add to the already high morbidity and mortality and it may take many years. But, the speed with which the virus is spreading leaves us with no choice but to have a vaccine, or at least an emergency-use vaccine ready for use, at the earliest. There are frantic efforts across the world to develop a vaccine. Different approaches such as inactivated and attenuated vaccines, viral vector-based vaccines and DNA- and RNA-based vaccines are being studied. Many vaccines have shown promise in preclinical studies; many have completed or are in phase 1 trials. A safe and effective vaccine against Covid-19 is eagerly awaited. But, even when a vaccine is available, public health measures such as personal hygiene, social distancing, will be equally important to reduce disease transmission. In this article, we give a brief overview of the types of vaccines and the various vaccine initiatives around the world.

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How to Cite
Aggarwal, K. K., & Ganguly, N. K. (2020). In Quest of a COVID-19 Vaccine: A Race Against Time. The Physician International Journal of Health, 6(2).
Author Biographies

KK Aggarwal MBBS MD, Confederation of Medical Associations of Asia & Oceania


  • Recipient of Padma Shri, Vishwa Hindi Samman, National Science Communication Award and Dr B C Roy National Award
  • Gold Medallist ( Nagpur University)
  • Limca Book of Record Holder ( CPR10)
  • Past National President IMA (2016 -2017)
  • Honorary Secretary General IMA  2014-2016
  • Hony. Prof. of Bioethics SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre  
  • Past Senior National Vice President IMA
  • Sr. Consultant Medicine & Cardiology, Dean Board of Medical Education, Moolchand Medcity.
  • President Heart Care Foundation of India
  • Chairman Legal Cell Indian Academy of Echocardiography
  • Editor in Chief IJCP Group of Publications, eMedinewS  and eMedinexuS
  • Member Ethics Committee Medical Council of India (2013-14) ; 
  • Chairman Ethical Committee Delhi Medical Council (2009-15);
  • Elected Member Delhi Medical Council (2004-2009);
  • Chairman IMSA Delhi Chapter (March 10- March 13);
  • Director IMA AKN Sinha Institute (08-09);
  • Finance Secretary IMA (07-08);
  • Chairman IMAAMS (06-07);
  • President Delhi Medical Association (05-06)

Professor Nk Ganguly, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, India

Prof Nirmal K. Ganguly is Advisor, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute and President, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research in India. He is a former Director General of the Indian Council of Medical Research.

Prof Ganguly has published numerous papers and guided doctoral projects. His major research areas are tropical diseases, cardiovascular diseases and diarrhoeal diseases.

He is Fellow of several institutions, including the Imperial College Faculty of Medicine and the International Academy of Cardiovascular Sciences, Canada.

Prof Ganguly has won numerous national and international awards and since 2008, is a recipient of the prestigious "Padma Bhushan" award in the field of ‘Medicine’.


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